Geography of Penang !
Penang is divided into two sections:
The cities within Penang Island are:
- Penang Island which is 293 square kilometres in area and located in the Straits of Malacca. The estimated population of Penang Island is 730,000.
- Province Wellesley which is a narrow vicinity of 753 square kilometres on the isthmus across a narrow waterway. The smallest width of the waterway is 4 km or 2.5 miles. The Province is bordered in the north by Kedah and in the south by Perak. The estimated population of Province Wellesley 796,500.
The waterway between Penang Island and Province Wellesley is called the North Channel which also lies north of George Town. The South Channel lies south of George Town. The highest point in the irregularly shaped, hilly and forested Penang Island is Western Hill at 830 meters above sea level. The coastal plains are narrow and form a triangular peninsular where George Town is located. Most of Province Wellesley is flat with Butterworth being the main town. The town lies along the Perai River estuary and faces George Town which is located 3 kms or 2 miles from the channel towards the east.
The cities of Province Wellesley are:
George Town which is the capital city and a must visit city for most tourists. The quaint Second World War house, 19th century churches, mosques, colonial buildings and temples have listed the city as a World Heritage Site in 2008.
- Batu Ferringhi is located on the north coast. It is popular for its white sandy beaches and luxury hotels. The city is popular among both locals and tourists.
- Bayan Lepas is the main electronic manufacturing area. This city is located close to the International Airport.
Balik Pulau is a small agricultural centre which is surrounded by fruit plantations, paddy fields and lots of Malay villages.
- Butterworth is the mainland access to Penang.
- Bukit Mertajam is the capital of Seberang Perai Tengah.
- Bandar Perda is a small and new town located 20 minutes from Butterworth and 15 minutes from Penang Bridge.
- Nibong Tebal is the capital of Seberang Perao Selatan.
- Simpang Ampat is a tiny town located in Seberang Perai Selatan and is popular for its sea food restaurants.
- Seberang Jaya is a satellite township located in Seberang Perai Tengah.
- Tasek Gelugor is a tiny town located 20 minutes from Butterworth.
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